(Part of the Effective Bible Study web page group.)
"But to the Son He says, 'Your throne, O God,
is forever and ever. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom."
"And, You, Lord, have laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the works of Your hands."
(Note: Heb 1:9 will be covered after the discussion of Heb 1:8 & 10)
Among the so-called 'Christian Community' there are varying views concerning The Divinity of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Savior. Is Jesus God incarnate, is he some lesser divinity, or was he just a human prophet? The interpretation of Hebrews 1:8, & 1:10, is typically distorted to support the beliefs of the one doing the interpretation. This page interprets these verses according to the scriptural evidence!
By applying Effective Bible Study techniques, we can find the answer to the question of Jesus' Divinity. Hebrews 1:8 reads,
- - "But to the Son He says, 'Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom."
The first part of the verse shows God (verse 1:1) addressing the Son. (Jesus is identified as the Son in various verses of the Bible.)
- - "For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given; and the government shall be on His shoulder; and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."
- - "And she shall bear a son, and you shall call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people from their sins. Now all this happened so that might be fulfilled that which was spoken of the LORD by the prophet, saying, 'Behold, the virgin shall conceive in her womb, and will bear a son. And they will call His name Emmanuel,' which being interpreted is, God with us."
- - "and lo, a voice from heaven, saying, 'This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased."
- - "And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God."
These are only a few of the numerous verses in Holy Scripture showing that Jesus is the Son.
Having identified Jesus as the person to whom God is speaking, we find that in the remainder of the verse God calls the Son, Jesus, God.
(Note: There is a contention that in this part of the verse God (the Father) names the Son, Jesus, as God. The original Greek manuscripts show that 'God' is translated from ho theos this was the title that all the writers of New Testament used to designate the One True God. For a more in-depth explanation see The Title, ho theos. Additionally, comparing Heb 1:10 to Gen 1:1 disproves this contention and shows that Jesus is God, ho theos.)
One of the most compelling and direct verses of Holy Scripture that further proves that Jesus is God, ho theos, is 1Ti 3:16,
- - "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God ( ho theos ) was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen by angels, preached among nations, believed on in the world, and received up into glory."
A separate page details other verses of Holy Scripture showing that Jesus is God, Ho theos & Jehovah.
Other Scriptural Testimony
We read the following in Hebrews 1:10,
- - "And, 'You, Lord, have laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the works of Your hands."
This verse proclaims the Son as the Creator. This further supports the fact that Jesus is God, ho theos and Jehovah, which is further evidenced by:
- - "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."
- - "For so says Jehovah the Creator of the heavens, He is God, forming the earth and making it; He makes it stand, not creating it empty, but forming it to be inhabited. I am Jehovah, and there is no other. "
- - "The burden of the Word of Jehovah for Israel, says Jehovah, who stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him."
- - "All things came into being through Him, and without Him not even one thing came into being that has come into being."
(Note- Jehovah, derived from the original Hebrew JHVH, or YHWH, is the name used to indicate the Great I AM, Almighty God, the God of Creation, the God of Israel. It was never used in any other context.)
Other Biblical Evidence that Jesus is the Creator-God.
The true meaning of heb 1:9 is discussed at Hebrews 1:9.